Ecological habbits
International research with friends.
I was interesting what do people think about enviroment and which ecohabbits have and how are they aware about this topic in other countries. Thats why I asked my foreign friends who was born in other countries and those who moved there from Russia to take a part into research.
1) broadening one's horizons, avoiding stereotypes
2) awareness of how aware people around
3) exchange of ideas, peer education
The interview consisted of four blocks: "Conscious Consumption", "Separate Waste Collection", "Natural Resources and Cleanliness", "Social". There are totally 36 questions.

I asked 101 people to take a part in. 56 people took part in the research. The rest didnt answer, or refused. Reasons: "no time", "a lot of letters", "I am not an expert", "today I dont really want to write about garbage." It seems to me that refusal to participate is also a position that is important to take into account.

The age of participants is from 27 to 60 years old.
There are 30 men and 26 women.
35 foreigners and 21 russians.
Work in office or housewifes. Social status and revenue: apartment buildings, guest houses, own houses, are different.

The participants of the interview live in Canada (Vancouver), Japan (Tokyo), Netherlands (Amsterdam, Den Haag, Breda), Israel (Tel Aviv), Czech Republic (Chrudim), Spain (Madrid), France (Upper Alps, Marseille, Villemoayen), Turkey (Antalya), Georgia (Tbilisi), Switzerland (Chatforth village (Juri), Winterthur), Sweden (Varberg), Italy (Bolzano, Milan, Busto-Arsizio), Germany (Bonn, Emsdetten, Berlin), England (London, Dorset, Lewes), Ireland (Dublin), Cyprus (Larnaca), Brazil (Rio de Janeiro, Via Mao), United Arab Emirates (Abu Dhabi), India (Rishikesh), Australia (Brisbane, Melbourne, Sun Shine Coast, Blue Mountains), USA (Denver, New York, New Jersey, Boston, High Springs).

The participants could answer in a free way and also skip questions if they dint know how to answer.

The results are indicated like the number of people. There are some answers which I found the most interesting under the results and there is my comment also there. I dont public the conclusions in order to give the opportunity to those who interested in topic of ecology to make it themselves.
Countries taken part in the interview
Block 1. Conscious consumption
Do you follow "zero waste" movement? Is it easy to practice it in your district, country?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Yes, it's normal (Canada).

✔️ I wouldn't say I practice "zero" waste but I recycle as much as I can at home and at work, and encourage others to do so. I try to avoid single use plastics although it is not always easy. Too many things still come in plastic in the UK (and in virtually every place I have ever visited). Recycling is quite big in the UK, but each region can have different rules on what can be recycled from the home which means things are not joined up on a national basis. I would say people in the UK are much more aware now of the need to recycle and to preserve the environment. It gets a lot of coverage in the press and media (England, London).

✔️ Yes, it's common and getting more popular. For example, my office has just changed its policy to be "zero to landfill" (England, Lewes).

✔️ Yes, I do ( (Holland, Haag).

✔️ Sort of.. goes bad, but we try to. Sometimes you buy something in the shop — op! and throw it away on the next day(( To take out the waste, you buy special bags (it seems not to be "eco") (Holland, Haag).

✔️ Yes, its quite easy and well organized at least in my city. I know anyway that in particular in South Italy the situation may be quite different (Italy, Bolzano).

✔️ It's not easy to practice "zero Waste" behaviours full (Busto-Arsizio).

✔️ Googled to find out what is it. No, I don't practice. I think this is quite difficult here (Israel).

✔️ Its possible if to subordinate all your whole life to this. It's easier if there are no kids ... they want toys and snacks. Some communes set themselves such ambitious aims, but untill this sounds fantastic (France).

✔️ No, for me it's too complicated to practise zero waste in my every day (Switzerland).

✔️ All Packages come with enough plastic and foam (USA, High Springs).

✔️ I dont see it to be possible for us untill a lot of goods are packeged. When I have a choice to buy the same good quolity goods without packaging, I do (USA, New York).

✔️ Its impossible because 80 percent of goods are selling in plastic package. Its possible with fruits, vegetables, bread, and that's it (USA, Denver).

✔️ "Zero Waste" is difficult in my country since we use a lot of plastic bags when we go shopping and use plastic water bottles. I try my best to minimize the usage by not double bagging groceries if they are not heavy. I live in New Jersey but I know in California, they are doing a better job recycling and reusing (USA).

✔️ It would be great, but its hard, I try and take my two big bags to the store, but there is still too much plastic around (Germany, Berlin).

✔️ I don't practice it, I think its possible, but not easy, though there is grawing awarness and slowly politics is moving more towards it (Germany, Bonn).

✔️ Not in a such dimension we would like to have, unfortunately, but this trend certainly grow in Melbourne (Australia).

✔️ I try to reduce the amount of waste in my house: buy food without packaging, make compost, sort waste. It is not easy to fight with the rest of your family and friends, whom dont follow this principle yet. Basically, they dont consider it necessary. In general throughout the country, the issue of waste is acute, there are many sites with information on separate waste, but people are usually lazy (Australia, Sun Shine Coast).

"Zero Waste" is a philosophical approach of life, which is based on the idea of reducing waste consumption to zero in order to improve the environment. Its proposed for this:

1. To replace disposable items with reusable
The plastic bags for fruits/vegetables possible to replace with reduce bags, and the big plastic bags — with a fabric bag or backpack. Shoe covers — for reusable shoe covers and shoes for a change. Plastic cups "To go" — to thermo-cups.

2. Share clothers, food, transport, technics with other people
There are a lot of food in the restaurants at the end of a working day. Its possible to share it with charities. Each person has unnecessary, but good clothes that can be given to the children houses. Or we can use one car for 4 person when we go to one place, ...

3. Repair what can be repaired
Its not necessary to throw out a sweater with buttons, the buttons can be ripped off and used in sewing or creative work, for exsemple.

4. Give waste for recycling
Sneakers are already being made from plastic bottles. And you can get a bicycle from 400 cans.

5. To compost organic
There is not enough oxygen in the landfill, so organic matter decomposes for a long time and, being in the vicinity with other things, forms poisonous substances. Composting solves this problem.

6. To refuse to consume excess (electricity, water, packaging, your own version)
Turn off the lights when you leave the office. Turn off the water while you brush your teeth. Walk to the subway if possible. Walk up the stairs if you go on the second floor, for example.

By following these principles, we can
— significantly to reduce the volume of waste, which means landfills and hazardous substances less
— to reduce the amount of extracted resources and resources for the creation of packages
— to reduce the exploitation of human resources in hazardous areas
— to improve the economy and the quality of life (health) in general.

One person can reduce about 300 kg of waste per year and save about 300 usd (this is how much we pay for disposable packaging).

Do you use reduce bags to buy products in the shop? Which one?
Interesting answers:
✔️ We have stopped using plastic bags and use reusable bags (Australia).

✔️ Yes, I use reduce bags. Plastic bags are prohibited in Canada (as well like as in Britain).

✔️ I have been using reusable bags for at least 15 years. Nowadays, more and more people tend to bring their own bags when shopping (Sweden).

✔️ Made from recyclable material. Biopolymers made from polymers based on starch extracted from corn, potatoes, cassava or wheat (Brasil).

✔️ Yes I use a bag made of fabric when I go for grocery, and there is a cash register for those who don't use plastic bags, but its only one line and its takes longer than other lines in the supermarket (UAE, Abu Dhabi).

✔️ All bags for the fruits are biodegradable here, other bags are prohibited. Reduce canvas bags has already appeared in a sale right in the fruit sectors. But its necessary to wash it.. people argue what is more environmentally friendly. And there are paper-bags in the special stalls only but this practice is growing (France).

✔️ I take my own bag and backpack to the shop. Fruits and vegetable you can put in a special free packets. It seem to be eco-degradable. I dont almost never buy other packets because this is not comfortable and expensive (30 cents) (Holland).

✔️ Yes, but not always. Sometimes I forget it at home after I put off vegetables/fruits (Holland).

✔️ Yes. There is a tax on plastic bags in large shops which means people bring their own bags or buy one that they can use again (England).

✔️ Plastic bags are prohibitted more than a year in our shops. Biodegradable only (Georgia).

✔️ Yes, we deffently use. We have special bags for food (veggies and fruits) and others for non-food articles (Germany).

✔️ Yes I do. I use PVC Bags, and I use it for months and years (Italy).

✔️ Yes, cotton bags. A lot of people use those bags (Italy).

✔️ The textile bag. Or big bags, checkered like for traders. Large stores make it with their own logos. Size smaller but reusable (France, Marseille).

✔️ We can purchase the ecological bags. But many people in big cities don't use the kind of bags but buy the plastic bags at the shops (France, Marseille).

✔️ I try to reuse shopping bags I get from the store or not use bags if I can. Other times I'll use my sports bag. Many large Supermarkets have stronger plastic bags. I use these. Pretty easy to use, just have to remember to take them with me (Ireland).

✔️ I try to take packets which are decompose when all other things being equal, but I don't worry too much about it (Israel).

✔️ I dont use reduce bags, but try to use reusable plastic bags made from recycled materials that can be recycled again. Or big rag bags (USA, New York).

✔️ I take paper packets usually (USA, High Springs).

✔️ I do bring several of my own bags or use boxes in the supermarket that I place my products. I usually do it in bulk markets, but not the regular supermarkets (USA, New Jersey).

✔️ Reduce bags for the vegetables are appeared some time ago in a sale, but there were a lot of paper and degradable packets before (Czech Republic).

✔️ Alphets or wicker baskets (France).

✔️ It depends: There are bags made of cotton for example which are available in some shops and you can use several times. But there are everywhere little plastic bags as well (Switzerland).

✔️ I usally try to bring a bagpack or sackie with me. If I don't have any I get a paper bag, plastic bags are outlawed (Germany).

✔️ Yes, I ever use ecological bags to buy every kind of products: at supermarket, at clothes stores, etc. It´s easy to use them (Brazil).

✔️ I use my own bag (Cyprus).

Eco bags are reusable nets for fruits and vegetables. Recommended for use instead of packaging plastic bags. "Produce bags".
Are you prefer to buy fruits and vegetables in the shop OR at the market-place? What about its natureless?
Interesting answers:
✔️ There no markets in Canada. But there are a lot of farms (U-pick), where you can pick fruits and vegetable by yourself (paid). And there are a lot of stores with local imported «organic» products.

✔️ Vegetables and fruits, eggs we buy from a farmer, whom dont use any chemical treatment. Seasonal only. We buy only fruits that do not grow here in the store. Bananas, for example (France, Marseile).

✔️ Markets are local philosophy and way of life here. Such markets are on the market square in every city every week. And real frenchman buy fruits and vegetables much less in supermarkets than in markets. Markets — means local farmers and producers. This is not outbidding from vegetable bases. I don't always can buy products at the markets, because need to get used to the schedule. This is another rhythm of life. We have them in the nearest city on Saturdays until 12 (France, Upper Alps).

✔️ We buy fruits and vegetables at street stalls, which can be considered as market-place. Of course, plastic tomatoes are also imported in winter, but basically everything have very good quality. Fruit and vegetables cannot be kept for months, they spoil very quickly, thats why I conclude that it dont have any chemical processing (Georgia).

✔️ Sometimes. Market-place works on Wednesday and Suturday, but it more expensive than in the big stores. Everything is natural in EU, pesticides were banned 20 years ago (Czech Republic).

✔️ We mostly buy fruits, vegetables in the shops. In Japan, only licensed merchant can sell them at market-place. It's controled by the gorvement for sanitation.

✔️ We buy it in small shops near the house, this is something between a market and a supermarket, sometimes we buy it in supermarkets too. I don't know how to evaluate naturalness, I am satisfied with the quality (Israel).

✔️ The Netherlands is one of the largest exporters of vegetables and fruits. I buy mainly in the supermarket, because it is more convenient corny to come and buy everything in one place. But there is a vegetable shop not far from my house, where the quality of vegetables and fruits is much tastier than in a supermarket, but their working hours are from Mon to Fri from 8-18 the same as mine. I just can't get there usually.

✔️ More often in the store, objectively. I will start use the bike to reach the market again when it become warmer. Just market doesn't work in the evening, untill 17:00 only. And it closed on Sunday! What about quality - it is extremely ambiguous ... Large tomatoes are tasteless what already disgusting, for exsemple, but cherry! Some things depend on the season. Strawberries are large, fragrant, but completely tasteless in the spring for exsemple. But it is not so fragrant, but very very tasty, really, like homemade in summer-time!

About naturalness, this is even more difficult, there is no too much lands here and everything is grown almost in hothouses, hydroponics and other methods therefore. I saw these hundreds of hectares of hothouse in the Haag area - wow! (Holland).

✔️ Yes, we buy it at market-places, though there are good and natural (organic stand) products, just necessary to select (Australia).

✔️ Vegetable markets sometimes happen in certain areas on weekends in Australia, so I buy vegetables and fruits in the supermarkets or grocery stores. Vegetables and fruits are very good all year round considering the climate in Australia. We have big choice of very fresh vegetables, fruits, berries and herbs. I can't judge the naturalness, because I don't have enough information and competence, but everything is fine in terms of taste and freshness.

✔️ 90% - is local, of good quality in the stores (Cyprus).

✔️ Shops only. Markets are exotic in States.

✔️ We dont have markets in our area, we drive to the big supermarket type of Auchan and buy big product and household goods packeges there. America grows a lot of products on the South or imports it from neighboring Mexico, so the quality is very high, fruits and vegetables are delicious, but you need to be able to select and know the sorts delicious.

✔️ I buy them in supermarkets, but if there was a closer farmer's market, I would then buy it from there.

✔️ Usually in a shop. There is a market place, but by the time i get home from work and Sports it is usaully closed except for Saturday (Germany, Bonn).

✔️ Open markets usually. More fresh и можно проследить происхождение, производителя (Италия).

✔️ From supermarket.. the market place in Abu Dhabi far away from the city you go there only if you will buy big amount.

✔️ I buy vegetables and fruits in the supermarkets or in the grocery stores most often. The demand for organic products, including vegetables and fruits, is now growing in Spain. Almost every supermarket has an organic food section. But the price is higher correspondingly (Spain).

✔️ In the shop, there are no marketplace in my district. Or sometimes direct by the farmer (Switzerland).

✔️ Sometimes I buy them on the market but more in shops because the market in my hometown is only on Saturday morning (Switzerland).

Seasonal fruits and vegetables — those that ripen and appear in sale during their own season. It have a higher content of nutrients than those which are transported from afar. Such products are also more profitable from an economic point of view, since they do not require transportation costs. The purchase also helps to reduce the carbon emmisions from cars.

Do you buy goods in plastic packaging if there are no other variants?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Yes, there are a lot of cool stuff selling in plastic here. You can't get away from it.. but it can be given for recycling that is the benefit (Holland).

✔️ There are eco-friendly stores like Whole Foods, for example, which use recycled paper and plastic bags, it can be recycled again. Many such stores are now opened by people who are conscious in terms of consumption (USA, New York).

✔️ Plastic packaging is popular in the stores here so yes I usually do buy them. Not all stores have paper bags, and if they do, they usually use it for heavier items. Plastic bags are the usual form to use (USA, New Jersey).

✔️ Unfortunately some things are packed in plastic and we have to buy them as we don't have so called "non-packed-stores" (Germany).

✔️ I use plastic bags, but not often (some supermarkets have so-called reusable bags), I also use paper and craft bags (Spain).

✔️ i don't know if our thiker kinde of plasticbags are the craft ones. if yes i normaly use them and paper bags (Switzerland).

✔️ Yes, the big supermarkets sell the plastic bags not for free. In this year, the convenience stores which are very popular and open 24H have started to sells the plastic bags (Japan).

✔️ Yes, but I avoid it as much as I can. I prefere paper and craft. Plastic is my last option (Brazil).

✔️ Yes and most of time I ask don't give me bad at all.. but here they like to give bags. Most of close shops and restaurant try to use paper bags more now but still how much I try to avoided still I keep use it from time to time (UAE, Abu Dhabi).

✔️ Yes, it is uncommon in grocery stores to find other than plastic packages . Compostable plastic is now compulstory in Italy for plastic Shop-bags. Anyway i prefer paper bags (Italy).

✔️ Sometimes we have to use plastic packages ,The world is not ready to use paper packages yet and I think these usage habits will take a long time.(Turkey).

✔️ We have everything from biodegradable materials or long-playing here (France).

✔️ Sure. Many types of plastic are processed here, even yogurt jars and polystyrene fruit trays. It was considered that water in PET is more environmentally friendly than water in glass, provided that PET is recycled. Glass is much heavier and the volume of freight traffic, which means more CO emissions. And plastic is not evil. Disposable plastic is bad (France).

✔️ There is less and less of it. We don't buy juice in plastic anymore, for example,. Only tetra packets. But if you take them apart, then it is also not particularly environmentally friendly (France).

✔️ No, people are encouraged to bring their own bags. My supermarket has removed plastic bags for fruit and vegetables, and instead now have a reusable mesh bag which I think is a great idea. I try and avoid buying things wrapped in plastic if I can (sometimes it is not possible… yet) Quite a few shops now provide paper bags instead of plastic. If you order things online (say on Amazon) quite a lot comes in cardboard boxes which we can recycle, but other packages come in plastic which typically have to be thrown away (England).

1. Not all biodegradable bags are really «bio». There are those that decompose only in a visible way, but they are based on small plastic balls, which, after decomposition, fall into nature and even more harm it, because they are not visible to the eye and cannot be collected.

2. When you see the sign "compost" on a packet, this packet should go to the compost to decomposed after using but not to the garbage dump.

3. Paper bags are worse than plastic ones, because they are made of pure cellulose. Fresh trees, water are used to create the craft packages and its short-lived. The same with paper napkins and cups — it made of combined materials with a special plastic membrane (envelope), which are ussually not recycling.

4. There is a finite number of processing cycles for raw materials: plastic (maximum 4 times, and only 1 time for the tiles creating), paper (6 cycles), glass (indefinitely long, but there are restrictions for colored glass), metal (indefinitely long).. And recycling consumes electricity and human resources.

5. Plastic is made from oil. Non-renewable natural resources include: oil, gas, coal, metal ores, minerals.

Do you use secondhand shops, carsharing, other sharings in your life?
Interesting answers:
✔️ I use secondhand shops. I sharing my car with my mum and sometimes with my sister (Switzerland).

✔️ Yes, for example my colleague and I go together to work by car. (Switzerland).

✔️ Secondhands, yes. It's a part of the culture. Every village have a fair like a garage sale at least once a year - everyone can sell unnecessary things. For 20 cents, for 1-5 euros. You can buy everything. Baby chair, table, dishes, faberge eggs .. clothes. And this is event! The whole city is preparing, baking pies, posting ads on cardboard boxes. That's very nice. There are also special centers where you can donate unnecessary items. They are sorted, cleaned, repaired, if necessary, and sold for symbolic money. We bought furniture there. An old chest of drawers with carvings from natural oak for 40 euros .. well, you can find it in antique stores in Moscow. And toys with children's books, glasses.

Car sharing is difficult to organize in country areas. "Blablakar" will throw you to another city for half the price of gasoline. But very rarely. You need to confirm the travel time in advance. This is not comfortable (France).

✔️ Secondhands — no, but salvation army is a standart way to give things for people who need in Canada. Carsharing - no, but I registered and there are a lot of services, its popular. There is a car pool service — to get to the place with somebody for a little money (Canada).

✔️ I used scooters sharing once while it was a promotion! after the action it seemed expensive: 0.30 euros per 1 km. It turned out that it was more expensive to get to the center by scooter than by bus or train (Holland).

✔️ Secondhand is common here, but we are not fans. Secondhand looks like "third hands" and beyond specifically here. And new clothes are relatively inexpensive. People are a bit obsessed of repairing and secondhand here. That's what I've heard - really crazy. So much so that even if it's cheaper to buy a new one, it's better to repair it. With their efficiency!

Carsharing here is just dumb. You cannot rent for 20-30 minutes simply. You immediately pay 20 euros for the start of the rental and only after that pay "only a penny" per minutes! Trash, it's already cheaper to rent in Hertze. And it is clear why just few people use them. The machines idle. Take parking in vain only!

Electric scooters are illegal here. It's impossible to buy, but the police don't seem to stop you. As I understood it because of registration numbers law - numbers should be, but there is nowhere to attach it to the scooter, but may be by other reasons. This summer we were in Cologne and Paris - there - scooter-sharing is very developed for comparison there! On scooters, much more than by bikes, rides half of people on the street (Holland).

✔️ I don't use secondhand or others, because I buy things very rarely and if I need something, I buy good quality things (Spain).

✔️ Secondhand rarely. Car sharing, if you only need to travel for a long distance for job (England).

✔️ No not really, unfortunately it is not practical for me to car share to work. Most of my clothes that I no longer wear go to charity shops in the town centre. I do use public transport instead of my car at times but only when it is convenient to do so (London).

✔️ No there's no place like that here in Dubai or Abu Dhabi.. maybe only for cars.

✔️ For toys and children clothers only (Italy).

✔️ Yes, I have shopped there but not as frequent. I take public transit to commute to work (USA, New Jersey).

✔️ Garage sales are quite popular (USA, High Springs).

The production of one laptop generates 1200 kg of industrial waste and 3000 tons of industrial waste are formed during the production of one gold ring.

Sharing something with other people, we can get not only environmental benefits, but also economical ones. For example, each of your friends has a hammer drill and use it only one time in a year. You live in the same building. Then you can team up and buy one hammer drill for all your friends, thereby winning financially.

Do you or your relatives use reusable hygiene products, diapers?
Interesting answers:
✔️ I used reusable diapers in Moscow. No one of my friends does it here.

✔️ I don't understand reusable hygiene products.

✔️ We tried to use it, but the testicles are overheating!

✔️ I used reusable breast milk pads. Its easy to wash them.

✔️ I read the holivar among the locals: it takes a lot of resources to wash reusable ones. My baby's booty felt much better in modern breathable disposable. And I also didn't have the strength to wash dirty diapers. It is necessary to run the washing machine several times a day.

✔️ I have the menstrual cup.

✔️ No, but it is used partially here.

✔️ We have no children, but it practice in our city.

✔️ My relatives have small children and they use.

Personal hygiene products such as wet wipes, diapers, and panty liners remain one of the most numerous types of waste.

This is about 1,500 diapers per year for one baby, for example. It can take hundreds of years to decompose, and it can take up too much space then.

In those countries where diapers recycling (England, Canada, Germany, Scotland) — this is an expensive type of recycling and not 100%, there are "tails" that also go to burial or burning.

Which green trademarks are popular in your district, country?
Interesting answers:
✔️ There are some brands with "bio"mark, but I'm sure it's just a publicity stunt. You can recognize all environmental friendliness by the look and taste here. This is chicken, yellow (not white or blue), the broth from it also yellow, fragrant, because the chicken homemade. Meat also: you go to a butcher's shop, speak to the owner, he chooses meat for you for your taste, you cook it and understand that its delicious! (Georgia).

✔️ It's hard to say, it's easy to get a BIO certificate, enough to use 10% of organic raw materials. But I try not to buy BIO in the mosmarket because of this reason (France, Marseille).

✔️ The bio mark isn't just a marketing ploy here. A farmer needs to fit many criterias to get it. Pesticides cannot be used, synthetic fertilizers .. many things. Supermarkets are providing the best shelves near the entrance for the bio products this year - this is a great stimul for farmers in terms of competitive advantage. So there are a lot of "bio" now. 53 categories of products or services that may be eco-labeled.

There is AB label. Agriculture Biologique — organic farming label, restriction on the use of chemically synthesized products in agriculture and pesticides. But it is being already replaced by the pan-European Eurofeuille

And there is a pan-European eco-label

There is car label on the level of CO emissions. CritAir

There is a label on wood products that it is a renewable cultivated forest that has been chopped down. There are eco-rates for the emission of substances from finishing materials, for repair and construction. Even the house has the energy efficiency label

Yes, they come up with something "green" here in every sector. This is trend. We all strive to reduce CO2 levels, maintain biodiversity, reduce consumption, and obtain energy from renewable sources. It's all about sustainable development (développement durable) (France, Upper Alps).

✔️ The recycling symbol is on a lot of packaging now to tell people whether it can be recycled. And often companies will put a note on the packing to say how they are supporting the environment, reducing consumption of scarce resources in their products etc, or perhaps working with the farmers they source their product from (to ensure fair pricing, sustainable and fair supply chains etc). Getting ISO14001 and Investors in People is quite common amongst bigger companies.

✔️ FSC, the triangular 3 arrows

✔️ There are a lot of schemes. Most people probably don't know exactly what they mean (England, Lewes).
Examples: Fair trade, Rainforest Alliance, Red Tractor.

✔️ Some vegan shops and restaurants.. but they make it for money so comical (UAE, Abu Dhabi).

✔️ They exploit people's desire to eat natural, of course, and stick often "eco" stickers and sell it at a higher price in the store. But how it differ actually I don't know (Holland).

We can see special graphic symbols confirming the compliance of the product or service with environmental safety standards on some products. In order to get one, its necessary to pass the examination and prove the high quality of the product.

But in the wake of buyers interest to the topic of ecology, some organizations began to use signs similar to "green" in packages design. You can see a drawn green leaf with the words "bio", "eco-friendly", "100% organic" very often.

Verified signs:
✔️ recycling sign, Mobius loop + number inside it (can be recycled)
✔️ Ozone Friendly (no ozone depleting substances)
✔️ FSC (Forest Stewardship Council - Responsible Forest Management)
✔️ Vegan (no animal ingredients, organization makes charitable contributions)
✔️ Organic Product (certified by the European Union as organic)
✔️ Green Point (recyclable, on the products of companies providing financial assistance to the recycling program in Germany)
✔️ Not Tested on Animals (not tested on animals)
✔️ Tetra Pak Protection (packaging made of wood)

Block 2. Separate waste collection and Recycling
Do you sort waste for the recycling? If yes, so how long?

Separate waste collection is the practice of collecting and sorting waste based on its origin and suitability for recycling.

The waste are divided into fractions which depends on what processing plants can recycle it in every country.

Unfortunately, impossible to recycle everything what is sent for recycling. "Tails" remains, which are necessary to burn or dispose. But this is the best waste management option as it reduces the extraction of natural resources.

There is another problem when the waste operator is given a condition to collect a certain amount of waste or he lost financially, which can, on the contrary, stimulate the growth of consumption and the creation of packaging. That's why it is important to note that separate collection is the best tool in waste management, but conscious consumption is still an effective solution.

Is it necessarily rule for your district, country? What would happen if you would not do it?
Interesting answers:
✔️ We have to pay for all the waste which we give to the incinerator. All the recycling is in our district for free. So we save the money (Switzerland).

✔️ People don't have to recycle but the local authority provides some of the bins for free to encourage people. In the area I live, most people do put out the recycle bins to be collected which is good to see. But nothing happened (England, London).

✔️ You get a paper on your rubbish bin if it happened once. If more often than that, you have to pay money (Germany).

✔️ They dont care in general — litter as you wish. I know that its stricter in small towns and villages, its often necessary. Specifically here, where we live, a fine = 90 euro for leaving garbage next to the trash can, but I see it so often that I think this fine does not work, because its not clear who threw it away exactly. Acquaintances said that their children "successfully" threw out the garbage and their address remained somewhere, and the children did not stuff the cardboard into the trash, left it outside and they were fined (Holland).

✔️ They don't take it and you got a 'red card' on your bin (Holland, Breda).

✔️ Desirable. But a lot of people adhere to the rule of separating waste. They began to practice looking waste in small towns. Big package with a name from each family is viewed, and if the waste is separated, then you pay less. We currently pay CZK 600 per person for waste gathering per year. This is about 1800 rubles. There are 5 of us - 3000 kroons or 9000 rubles, which is significant. One-time payment (Czech Republic).

✔️ Yes, its a rule in my state and country. They would leave the garbage behind during pickup (USA, New Jersey).

✔️ The Swedish law stipulates everyone has to recycle (but not everyone do). Higher garbage collection fee (Sweden).

✔️ Nothing officially, but we have our own responsobillity to seperate the waste (Australia).

✔️ Yes, I dont know (Australia, Brisbein).

✔️ Recommended. All goes into the same garbage pile.. (Australia).

✔️ No, penalty is only for intentional blockage (Australia).

✔️ Yes, necessarily. Nothing would happen most likely, no one identifies your bag. There are french protesters who are against sorting and they throw out everything in one bag (France, Upper Alps).

✔️ Officialy? Nothing (France, Villemoayen)

✔️ No obligation, calculated on the conscience. Nothing will happen (France, Marseille).

✔️ It's necessary rule in district and country. The landlord will give the strong claim to the tenant. Or someone in neighborhood will inform to the district office (Japan).

✔️ Yes. Nothing will happen (USA, High Springs).

✔️ Waste sorting is mandatory, management of the building will be fined for non-compliance (USA, New York).

✔️ Probably must. Im not aware (Cyprus).

✔️ There is a law which observed plus or minus likely. I dont know for sure. But there are no hard fines and controls (Israel).

✔️ Penalty if they caught you (Canada).

✔️ No sanctions if no company (Turkey).

✔️ Yes, but not everyone is using tanks correctly. Unfortunately, most likely nothing (Germany, Berlin).

✔️ I don't know exactly. For example, you have to pay a fine if you do not dispose of the waste correctly (Switzerland, Juri).

✔️ The authorities must provide the population with such an opportunity by the law in Spain but there is no mandatory law about, this is voluntarily. The only thing I can be add is that everything is left to the mercy of local authorities, therefore, the implementation of the law may be different in each area. In general, depending on the awareness of both the authorities and the local population. There are some penalties for non-compliance, but this is very rare in reality.

✔️ Recommened but nothing would happened (England, London).

✔️ Could be fined, but this rule is rarely enforced (England, Dorset).

✔️ It's not a rule but many areas collect waste less often than they used to, so you have to put things in the recycling or you get too much (England, Lewes).

✔️ Usually they don't really check it, in theory you could get a fine (Germany).

✔️ I believe the local council may fine the violator if done with household waste, but I don't think it is applied. If using the bins incorrectly in the town centre, I have never heard of any one being fined for a violation (Ireland).

✔️ The city always emphasizes on supporting the environment and sustainability methods, and there is one a whole city has been built that depends on clean energy and sustainability, but at the same time there is no activation for that in the rest of the state, and the individual doesn't find channels that enable him to separate and recycling.What would happen if you (UAE, Abu Dhabi).

✔️ It can be dangerous (India).

✔️ Nothing (Brazil).

✔️ Yes it is. Fines could be applied (even if not often and not so expensive) (Italy).

1 ton of paper = 10-15 trees, 1700 liters of oil, 86.5 tons of water

Recycling paper reduces air pollution by 74% and water pollution by 35-60%, electricity use by 23-74% and water by 58%.

1 ton of cullet = 1.5 tons of primary raw materials

Recycling glass reduces air pollution by 20% and water by 50%, electricity use by 4-32% and industrial waste by 80%.

1 ton of plastic bottles = 2.7 tons of oil + 1000 kWh of energy, 400,000 liters of water.

Recycling plastic, the use of electricity is reduced by 60-65%, the need for primary raw materials by 50%, 1 ton of recycled plastic waste = 7.4 cubic meters of free landfill space.

Less waste = less work involved = less money you pay.
Which categories of waste do you have?
✔️ Georgia, India, UAE: there is no recycling.

✔️ Waste, Plastic, Can, glass (Japan) Combustible materials and 1 time for Incombustible materials. Some advanced apartments in Tokyo have the facility to recycle the waste at 100% inside the building (except the furniture or electrical products) In Tokyo, we join the gargage cans in the certain place inside the buidling. However, in the rural area, each house has the independent garbage cans.

✔️ White / green glass, household waste, organic matter, paper, plastic, pbd, textiles, small chemical packages such as aerosols, furniture, repair materials, electronics, containers, underground containers, asbestos. There are also bins for unnecessary clothes that can still be worn. Every medium and large supermarket has a battery and light bulbs collection counter (Holland).

✔️ Plastic, paper and glass, clothing. Barrels are everywhere for this waste. There are also collection yards - this is a place where you can bring separately sorted waste or whatever you don't need: large plastic, bricks, metal, dishes. We separately collect sunflower and rapeseed oil waste after the schnitzels frying into canisters and take it there (Czech Republic).

✔️ General plastic / recyclable plastic, garden waste, glass ie cuttings (Australia, cities).

✔️ Yellow bin (glass, paper, plastic, aluminum), green bin (organic, gardening), red (trash).
Batteries, light bulbs, small household appliances - these are boxes in every supermarket. And there are special dumps where you can take big items: old bicycles, furniture, construction. These dumps also have sorting facilities. Disassembled into large containers - metal in one, furniture in another (Australia, suburb).

✔️ Paper, glass, plastic bags, cardboard, scrap (France, cities).

✔️ Yellow tank (almost all plastic, cans), green (glass), blue (printed paper, letters, magazines). There is also a box for cardboard. And compost. Unsorted waste in a tied sack (France, commune).

✔️ Organics, containers, paper, newspapers, glass, electronics, clothing, shoes, furniture, garden waste (bushes, leaves, grass), children's things, the rest - bags, all kinds of other garbage (Canada).

✔️ Food waste (collect every week) and for other recyclable items (collect every two weeks) like paper/cardboard, metal/aluminium tins, aerosols, some plastic containers like juice cartons, soup containers etc. They do quite a good job in telling us what we can and cannot put in them. We take our grass cuttings to the local tip so that they can be used for composting, and they will collect things like used batteries and clothes in other bags (England, London).

✔️ Rubbish. Recycling (paper, bottles, cans, some plastic). Food waste. Garden waste (England, Lewes).

✔️ Glass, paper, plastics, food, cardboard in household bins, electrics, batteries, materials, plastic bags, rubble at local waste centre (England, Dorset).

✔️ Plastic, paper, glas, everything else (Germany, Bonn).

✔️ Glass (different colour), paper, bio/organic, plastic (Germany, Berlin).

✔️ Waste paper, glass, pet, cardboard, batteries, compost, aluminium, household waste (Switzerland).

✔️ Recyclable and non-recyclable. Paper, plastic, the rest sometimes (USA, Denver).

Plastic, paper, food (USA, High Springs).

Garbage and Recycle (USA, New Jersey).

Common waste + recycles + food waste. We dont collect food items, we throw them into an ordinary can. Recycles are thrown together: glass, plastic, metal and paper / cardboard, in a separate bin. They are taken away and sorted somewhere, I dont know where. We dont sort ourselves. I suspect that people who maintain the building and take away waste make sure that nothing gets there (which is not recycles) (USA, New York).

✔️ Plastic, metal, cardboard, paper, glass in different colors, batteries, dangerous chemicals, electronics, fabrics, food (Sweden).

✔️ Paper + tins + glass + compostable + general/residual (Italy, Busto-Arsizio).

✔️ GFT + paper + plastic + glass + reuse electrics + house waist (Italy, Milan).

✔️ General, so called "humid" (food etc) + plastic, glass + tin (Italy, Bolzano).

✔️ Common waste: Recyclable (glass, plastic, paper, and metal) + Organic waste + Extraordinary waste + Infecting waste + Chemical waste + Radioactive trash + Electronic waste (Brazil).

✔️ We have just plastic, paper , aluminyum and all tihings (Turkey).

✔️ Plastic and metal, such as beer cans, paper and cardboard, glass, organic waste, others (Spain).

✔️ I live in building and there's a waste room or garbage room but in the city there's a big boxes green and black.. the green one has recycling sign on it but i don't think it's really work that way or it's effictife (UAE).

✔️ Plastic, glass, everything else (Israel).
What do you buy / have already bought from recycled materials?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Handbag once.
✔️ Plant pots, newspapers.
✔️ Clothes.
✔️ Interior trim, juice bottles, trash and shop bags, packaging, but I don't buy this on purpose.
✔️ I bought clothes made from recycled cotton. In some stores, and probably a lot of all made of plastic .
✔️ Yes, we have a lot of products made from recycled materials. For example, milk cartons.
✔️ Dishes.
✔️ Clothes and shoes.
✔️ Waste bags.
✔️ Soap, toilet paper, plastic bottles, glass.
✔️ Wood, wardrobes, wires.
✔️ Recycled packaging for some products.
✔️ I have worked on projects where I put products in secondary packaging that were 100% Post-Consumer recycled material.

25 plastic bottles = fleece jacket
3000 glass bottles = home insulation
400 aluminum cans = bike
Do you use composting?

Compost is an organic fertilizer resulting from the decomposition of plant or animal waste. Compost returns nutrients into the ground.

But oxygen is needed to decompose the organic matter. Garbage dumps dont have the required amount of oxygen, and reacting with substances nearby, hazardous substances are released, such as methane, mercoptan, hydrogen sulfide and others, which enter into the ground soil and return to us with water, precipitation and plants. Composting food waste solves this problem.

There are composters for apartments, country and industrial.

Which cans do you use with your neighbours: separated or joint?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Joint underground tanks for several apartment buildings.
✔️ Several per house of 12 apartments.
✔️ One for 5 apartments (one house).
✔️ There are 1-3 garbage cans near each house.
✔️ 2 wastegrounds for the whole village.
✔️ Own at a private house

Amount in the receipt of one resident depends on the operator's expenses. The operator's expenses depends on volume of waste. Volume of waste depends of number of payers.
How many waste do you have a day? a week?

Amount in the receipt of one resident depends on the operator's expenses. The operator's expenses depends on volume of waste.
How many time a week they take the waste away?
Interesting answers:
✔️ There are special days when you can legally leave large waste near the trash can, we have it in Wednesday. After 21:00 of Wednesday you can take it out, but they usually clean it at 9-11 am of the next day.

✔️ Garden waste needs to be paid, more than once a week, I guess.

✔️ I still don't understand))) the trash cans are huge, underground — you can save up for a long time!

✔️ We transport the layer, paper and other like this by ouwselfes.

✔️ We transport the glass ourselves by ouwselfes.

✔️ Depends on the region. Normally twice for "flammable" materials and once for "non-flammable" materials.

✔️ Household waste — once a week, for the rest there are places where you can donate your waste from Monday to Saturday.

✔️ Once a month for the plastic, paper and glass in the special containers, once a week for the rest of.

✔️ Once a week for trash and once every two weeks for recycling.

✔️ Once every two weeks for plastic, once a month for the rest of.

✔️ Once every two weeks for the regular waste, once a week for a garden waste.

Amount in the receipt of one resident depends on the operator's expenses. The operator's expenses depends on how many times the operator comes to take waste away. This question is possible to discuss with managing company.
Do you know where the waste are go to? On which factories?
Interesting answers:
✔️ We have high green hills in a neighboring town, my husband says, thst is a "trash" hill, trash is buried there. The hills look like ordinary green hills (USA, New York).

✔️ Ordinary waste is taken to special factories, where it crushed and pressed, and then taken to landfills. Other waste, such as paper, glass, goes to processing factories (Spain).

✔️ Some advanced apartments in Tokyo have the facility to recycle the waste at 100% inside the building (except the furniture or electrical products).

✔️ Nope, but they say that they export to other countries.. dirty rumors!)) But in fact, I don't know (Holland).

✔️ Garbage goes to landfills or incendiaries (USA, New Jersey).

✔️ Paper and glas is recycled, the rest goes to be burnt, though the plastic shoukd be recyceled as well (Germany).

✔️ The compost truck goes in our district to a farmer, I don't know what he is doing with them. The clothes and shoos goes to secondhand stores if there are still good. The rest to fabrics, but Idon't know exactly what they do (Switzerland).

✔️ Most of the time, the destination of the garbage in the dumps: large areas far from urban centers, where the garbage is deposited in the open, without a pre-selection of recyclable and organic materials (Brazil).

✔️ No, they do not do a great job of communicating this (although I have not searched either!) (England).

The managing company enters into a contract with the waste operator, where it prescribes the conditions, including where the waste would be taken away. Any citizen of any country can request this contract (if desired).

Do you have garbage dumps in your country, district?
Interesting answers:
✔️ I dont know. There are very serious requirements for landfills. As a rule, they are closed and do not spoil the environment (USA).

✔️ I dont know. All that I saw with my own eyes was strictly sorted landfills without parasites or birds (Holland).

✔️ No any more (Holland, Breda).

✔️ I dont know. Very small ones in the fields (Cyprus).

✔️ The processing stations are very close (Canada).

✔️ There is one. According to 2018 statistics, there are 600 registered landfills and about 2000 nonregistered ones (Australia).

✔️ Hmm ... landfills. It's not like a Russian landfill. This is such a sorting center. They are here in every district. Only construction waste (like broken tiles, drywall and bricks) and compostable waste (trimming bushes and like this) remain in place, and the rest is taken away (France).

✔️ There are landfills outside big cities in Spain and I have no idea how many. Of course, there are so-called illegal dumps, they are small and mostly they bring some old unnecessary things, rubbish, broken old electrical equipment and so on (Spain).

✔️ Yes, most regions have them although they are shutting some because they have to make cost savings (like everyone in government!). These garbage tips are also charging for dumping certain types of waste (eg, rubble, soil, bricks, tyres etc) which I disagree with – it does not encourage people to take these things to the tip (England).

✔️ Yes but not in central London (England, Dorset).

✔️ Just old ones. Rubbish is now burned(England, Luisse).

✔️ Yes we have garbage dumps that are considered landfills, once they fill up we put soil and grass and then make a golf course out of them (USA, New Jersey).

✔️ Yes, near the supermarket (Germany).

✔️ Yes, we have it almost in every village in Switzerland.

✔️ Recycling landfill and storage facilities (Australia).

There are two terms: a garbage dump and a landfill.

A landfill is a specially equipped area for the temporary collection and storage of waste in a such way that the environment remains safe.

Garbage dump is an area where waste is located and decomposed directly in the environment. Why is it dangerous? Its dangerous cause of toxic substances are released into the soil, water and air, which have the ability to accumulate in the body and manifest themselves far from immediately, sometimes only in the next generation.

The participants of this interview spoke about "landfill" mostly.

Do your district, country practice waste burning? What do you think about it?
Interesting answers:
✔️ There are probably small factories. Australia stopped the practice burning in the middle of the 20th century, most of the garbage is simply taken to landfill.

✔️ Yes, they use it for heating houses. I think its better than landfill. Maybe I dont undestand the question but we send very little of waste for burning (Sweden).

✔️ Yes, okay, it's better to burn it than to hide it underground. I have not seen a smoke going anywhere, I assume that there is strong filtration (Canada).

✔️ Do not know. Probably, imposable without it, the only one question is what is the percentage of waste incineration (Cyprus).

✔️ Yes, there are also incineration and recycling plants. These factories seem to be using advanced technology and do not cause environmental damage (Spain).

✔️ Yes (Turkey).

✔️ Yes, they do. If it can't be recycled or reused and it is harmful to leave it in a landfill, then an incendiaries have filters to eliminate a lot of the toxins (USA, New Jersey).

✔️ They try to recycle everything. But there are also incineration plants. It is normal if there is no other way of disposal, why not (USA, Denver).

✔️ Not sure. I do not agree with it if just releases more harmful substances into the atmosphere. But I read more and more about carbon capture technologies which mean these gases can be captured and stored instead of released and I think this sounds more promising as a technology (England, London).

✔️ Yes. It's better than landfill, but recycling or producing less waste would be better (England, Lewes).

✔️ Yes, usually i don't think About it that much (Germany, Bonn).

✔️ We don't burn the rubbish (Germany, Emsdetten).

✔️ No burning they have some factories but I don't have an idea about it (UAE, Abu Dhabi).

✔️ I think they burn a little if they burn it (France).

✔️ Yes, it's located far away from Tokyo area. The district will have the benefits of the tax income, new employment and so on if it has the incineration factory. In Japan, people recognizes that the problem is not safety but the way of the recycling. By the government aids, Japanese chemical industry is aiming to achieve the zero burning and landfill and to innovate the alternative materials which can be recycled at higher rate. I think that they should do more efforts to impove the percentage of recycling instead of generating the electricity by burning (Japan).

✔️ I don't know, think it make sense, as it is additional power source? (Germany, Berlin).

✔️ Not officially, but there is illegal burning (Brazil).

✔️ Yes. Well, Burning waste that is widely used is also harmful, as it releases harmful gases into the atmosphere (Brazil).

✔️ It goes to Rotterdam as far as i knowa nd there is a lobby for making bio gas out of ourgarbadge (Holland, Breda).

✔️ Some of the residual waste is sent to incineration at a nearby plant (Italy, Busto Arsizio).

✔️ Burning — there is no burning (Italy, Milan).

✔️ We have an ecological incinierator in our town. Also people living close to it, is not suffering herbs or other problems. Because of that I do agree with it (Italy, Bolzano).

✔️ No!!! I think, we should not burn (India).

✔️ Yes, they do. we have some special filters in this buildings so it shouldn't be to much toxic things in the air (Switzerland, Winterthur).

✔️ No. I think it's forbidden in our country (Switzerland, Juri).

1. Burning 1 kg of polyvinyl chloride (linoleum, window frames, electrical equipment) = up to 50 micrograms of dioxins = cancer development in 50,000 laboratory animals.

Burning is accompanied by the release of harmful substances, which are even more dangerous in composition than the substances emitted at the garbage dump. In order to protect the environment, the plant must be equipped with modern filters, but even then it will be necessary to dispose of the resulting ash somewhere.

2. Incineration is an expensive type of disposal and requires constant investments: once every six months it is necessary to change filters at the cost of the plant itself.

3. The waste must be dry or will require additional resources for drying.

4. A rational model according to GreenPeace is:
recycling (70%) + incineration (20%) + disposal (10%).

Do you have eco fines in your apartment/house receipt? Which is?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Yes, there is a tax on the environment. Basically, it is included in the cost of refueling and fuel and lubricants, transport tax, as well as, to a lesser extent, the tax to companies that are engaged in the extraction of minerals. In general, about 70 percent of this tax is paid by people (Spain).

✔️ There is a levy for maintaining dams, for example. This is vital for this country. Because there are many lands sea level below! Just a century ago, a strong storm washed away the half of the country! (Holland).

✔️ Waste collection is included in the general community tax. Yes, we are striving to reduce it with the whole commune and all France. "Communists" — the villagers are about 200 people. So the responsibility is ... distributed. But propaganda! It's a shame not to sort.

✔️ I pay tax to the city (UAE, Abu Dhabi).

✔️ Maybe. Rather, for waste garthering, because of different companies. One company exports the glass, another — the paper and so on (France).

✔️ In selected tourist regions or reserves only, included into the entry fee (USA).

✔️ We have to pay for the bag where we do our waste. Every district pays different tax (Switzerland).

✔️ There is a garbage collection fee, maybe its included in (USA).

✔️ I'm not sure, but judging by the amounts of any fees — certainly (Israel).
Do your country use extended responsibility for the shops, small trade points, designers, product companies, personal?
Interesting answers:
✔️ More for the hotels, restoranes, yahts (Turkey)

✔️ Stores have their own bins, and manufacturing plants record how much garbage is thrown out. They pay per pound (USA, New Jersey).

✔️ It's important for all business owners to show sustainability In Sweden.

✔️ The goverment set the policy or the regulations for companies or factories.The companies who get the eco-point in some industries will get the tax benefits. The Big supermarkets do the ecology (Japan).

✔️ I think they follow the rules established by the state or municipal government (Brazil).

✔️ In my personal opinion almost everybody talks about, but really responsibility I can not see everywhere (Switzerland).

Extended producer responsibility is a mechanism of economic regulation, when the manufacturer and importer of goods are obliged to dispose the products at the end of their life cycle and lossing of consumer properties they have produced or imported into the territory of the country.

The social definition of extended responsibility says that each person playing a role in a given chain of events is responsible for the production or import of packaging, not just the organization. Director - accountant - marketer - designer - salesmen - consumer, for example.

What shops in your district, country do about ecology? Take back the plastic bottles, organize eco actions, pay ecological tax?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Yes, some bottles are accepted here and locals are happy to go and hand over bottles, right in supermarkets. 10 cents a bottle. And checks from such change are usually donated to charity, usually there is a box right next to it. Everyone leases, no matter what wealth (Holland, Haag).

✔️ In addition to the usual waste, there are also points for bottles made of glass and plastic in supermarkets, where money is given back (Holland, Haag).

✔️ Yes you can return 'old' cloth at H&M and there must be more! (Holland, Breda).

✔️ A person refunded 3 crowns for the return of beer bottles (Czech Republic).

✔️ There are vending machines for plastic bottles. Clothing stores collect clothing for recycling. Make discounts (France).

✔️ Batteries, small appliances, bulbs, chargers accepted. A recycling festival is being held. I didnt interested in taxes. They plan to introduce a ban on the disposal of unsold textiles, food products, and demand to introduce more reuse networks. Ban on disposable tableware ... so much (France).

✔️ Certain states do pay you to recycle, like New York and California, they put a tax on these cans. But not all states do like New Jersey.

✔️ Plastic and paper bags are accepted back (USA).

✔️ Some network stores accept plastic bags and give free biodegradable bags in return. There are reduce bags in sale (Georgia).

✔️ Bottles and plastic points are accepted a lot of there (Israel).

✔️ I did not notice anything like this, except for boxes for receiving batteries (Cyprus).

✔️ In some cases. For example across the EU electronic goods go back to the manufacturer for disposal. They react to demand from consumers. For example, they will find a way to reduce packaging if enough people ask for it (England, Lewes).

✔️ Most businesses do try to reduce their carbon footprint in some way (some more than others). There will always be some that do not believe in it, or only do it because they want to be seen to be doing something, but I think most companies genuinely want to do what they can. I am part of a small team at work looking at how we reduce our waste at work, how we reduce our consumption of resources, how we raise awareness and what sort of things we can do as a business to contribute to the local area – helping at schools, community centres, local charities etc. We even take advantage of a scheme a crisp manufacturer offers – we collect all empty crisp packets (of which there is a lot from the whole building!!) and send them back to the manufacturer who can use them to turn into other goods. A lot of supermarkets allow you to take items there to be recycled – batteries, plastic bags, print cartridges, water filters (the ones people buy for home), clothes, shoes etc.

There are fees for plastic bags now. Airlines offer you the chance to pay to offset your carbon. Lots of companies do promote how they contribute to the local environment – small and big ones. Lots of big companies (quoted on the stock market) are increasingly expected to show how their protect the environment (England, London).

✔️ Some take back batteries & single use plastic carrier carrier bag, others have recycling points in their car parks. Some supermarkets are trialling certain products not in plastic so you can take your own containers (England, Dorset).

✔️ They take plastic bottles, cans and bags back (Canada).

✔️ Shops that sell electrical items, must accept old/broken electric items. Cardboard, packing materials are all recycled. They also try to use recycled materials where possible (Ireland).

✔️ Abolished plastic bags, they have to take back plastic bottles, they have to have a garbage Collection if buyers want to leave packaging at the store (Germany, Bonn).

✔️ Supermarkets for example, Texaid for clothes and shoes (Switzerland).

✔️ We pay relatively much for a plastic bottle, which is refundable. There are shops that sell food stuff where you need to bring your own package for it. There are some more actions, but I don't know them really (Germany, Berlin).

✔️ Use compostable shopping bags. Ecological taxes are applied. Markets use to take back glass and pay a cashback for that (Italy).
Block 3. Natural resources and cleanliness
What about garbage on the streets, in the parks in your district, country? Do you see the butts, candy wrappers, etc?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Yes, but it is changing. There is a big movement to reduce single-use plastics in the UK, largely due to a BBC TV series by Sir David Attenborough highlighting the problem of plastics in the oceans (England, Lewes).

✔️ Yes we have this problem. Streets are generally kept pretty clean but you do see cigarette butts and chewing gum on the streets… perhaps this is getting a little better over time (the number of people smoking is falling quite quickly). You still see too much littering at the sides of roads (usually empty food and drink packaging that people have just thrown away – it annoys me massively!) – it is not everywhere and I think it is getting better slowly but no reason for it to happen in the first place (England, London).

✔️ Yes, lying around. Basically, not because people litter, but because of wind. Which is often strong here, and when the waste bin is full, the wind blows everything around. Street's waste cans are often full there. They take away waste less often than necessary. I dont see cigarette butts, by the way. Gum is extremely rare (Holland, Haag).

✔️ It happens, but its clean generally (Holland, Haag).

✔️ It possible to see, because of big number of homeless (downtown) people in Denver, but cleaned regularly. But there is no garbage outside of the city, people are very scrupulous about nature, they just dont leave garbage. Utility services clean along the roads once a year (USA).

✔️ My town (New Jersey) does a pretty decent job cleaning up, not as much garbage as in New York City.

✔️ There is rubbish on the streets, the city itself is full of it. The situation is better in small towns, much cleaner, just few garbage items are possible to see. The beach is cleaned every day by a special machine that sifts the sand and picks up all the garbage. There are some dirty beaches and the garbage where floats in the water (USA, New York).

✔️ The streets are cleaned regularly by convicted people or fined for breaking the law (USA, Florida).

✔️ Found in Florida, but generally fairly clean (USA).

✔️ Clean (Turkey).

✔️ The area is very clean. There is very little of rubbish. Especially in nature. Absolutely not! More you can see in big cities. Marseille is already dirty. Garbage fly. Cigarette butts are lying around, clochards there, with cardboard boxes .. (France, Upper Alps)

✔️ There is a nightmare. Life as like on a garbage dump. Plus there is the wind. Everything walks through the city and falls into the sea. People have no culture. Many from them (France, Marseille).

✔️ Cleanliness for 4- (Cyprus).

✔️ No they clean the city all the time (UAE).

✔️ Garbage on the street is a problem. Most people do not even blink an eye when they throw a cigarette butt / candy wrapper / bottle (Georgia).

✔️ Met in a full volume. The amount depends on the region / place (Israel).

✔️ In certain areas, in the center (Canada).

✔️ Most of Rio de Janeiro the garbage is controlled but there is garbage scattered somewhere mainly in the suburbs of Rio.

✔️ Trash in the streets — the Brazilian in general does not collaborate.

✔️ There are candy wrappers and other garbage in the places with a large number of people gathering but its generally clean (Australia, Sun Shine).

✔️ The absolutely cleanliness is on the streets (Australia, Brisbein).

✔️ Cleanly, neighbors are generally obsessed with cleanliness (Czech Republic).

✔️ Its possible to see enought of small garbage for sure, those they clean streets regularly (Spain).

✔️ In some town with a lot of tourists you can see often garbage in the street. My town is ok (Italy, Bolzano).

✔️ The street are very clean In Japan, by the cleaners who are employed by the district.

✔️ We have a lot of bins around on the street or am picknick places so there are just a few things on the street (Switzeland).

✔️ No, streets are clean (North of Italy).

Cleanliness depends on waste absence. More waste = harder clean it, we need more effort and money to maintain cleanliness. Conscious consumption also contributes the cleanliness of the streets.
Do you take a part in the cleaning actions? Plogging? How often?
Interesting answers:
✔️ What-what? Plogging? Wow, what exists!

✔️ My friends and I, or I alone, do plogging several times a week.

✔️ I didn't participate, but I gather garbage myself, when I go to the sea and dunes and it come across, I pick it up whenever possible.

✔️ Participated in tree planting.

✔️ We participate labor day in kindergarten twice a year.

✔️ Participated in the Days of Water Reservoir Cleaning in Russia. I found out about plogging just now, answering the questionnaire.

✔️ Travelled around Georgia, we always took bags, gloves and gathered garbage during any stop.

✔️ Not really, I did when I was in Thailand scuba diving – they had a clean the beach session which I joined in with.

✔️ Never heard of plogging, but some people organize in groups and clean up.

✔️ I have helped in the past cleaning up parks and beaches. Once a year.

✔️ Not in the USA, in Kiev only.

✔️ I didn't participate in cleaning actions, didn't see information about there. Our beach is paid and very clean.

✔️ What? I don't even know such terms.

✔️ Few times. Almost every year when I was a student.

✔️ Yes, we have a schedule with friends for each week and a duty officer who monitors the work.

✔️ Not yet, but some places organize regular beach cleanings.

✔️ I am not part of any garbage collection in the city.

✔️ Yes, in the past, but not a many years .

✔️ The municipality is responsible for urban common areas. A big wheelbarrow-lawn mower from the city comes to mow the lawn. I don't know what plogging is)) I haven't seen any cleaning actions here. But I do something for the entrance and nearby on my own initiative from time to time.

✔️ Specifically not but I pick up trash when I walk.

Plogging — jogging combined with garbage collection, bottles mostly. The movement came from Scandinavia. The runners urge us to take care of the environment by their own example.
What is the water quolity in your district? Is it possible to swim there?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Right now the city of Rio de Janeiro is experiencing a serious problem in its water tank. It has been contaminated and the government is trying to resolve it. Swim only in the sea waters on the beaches.

✔️ It is not possible to swim in the local river due to pollution, but this has improved greatly over the years (Ireland, Dublin).

✔️ We do the efforts to clean the river to enable the fishes to live comfortably. It is prohibited from poluting the river to regret from the past experiences (Japan, Tokio).

✔️ The water quolity varies depending on the region. Big rivers are polluted of course. Well, and small rivers, better and than cleaner than closer to the mountains. You can safely swim in some of it. Spain is a hot climate country and water that are especially suitable for swimming is a problem here, in general (Spain).

✔️ Improving but still needs to be better. People do swim in the sea (England, Lewes).

✔️ Quality is good. The water is clean enough to swim, though it is a bad idea to swim in the river I live next to because of currents (Germany, Bonn).

✔️ It is possible, but there are not too much people who swim (Czech Republic).

✔️ Its possible at the sea. The small streams and rivers that are flow here in general are quite clean (Israel).

✔️ Quite good, they swim here, although it's cold even in summer. Normal river, but you can swim even in the city center. They are constantly doing rowing here. Young and pensioners both! (Holland, Haag).

✔️ We have fantastic water quality on Australia, I live near the beach and other than after storms the water quality is good enough to swim in.

✔️ The cleanest ocean you can swim in. The Brisbane River is clear, but its water is opaque due to the color of the ground. People do not swim in the river, ships and river trams and ferries go along it (Australia).

✔️ Yes there the allllll sea all around Abu Dhabi is an island with some "nature reserves" beaches.

✔️ Pure underground springs (USA, High Springs).

✔️ I would not swim in the Hudson River, which is between New Jersey and New York City but the New Jersey Beaches are clean enough to swim in.

✔️ Our beach is cleaned every day by a special machine that sifts the sand and picks up all the garbage. But there are also dirty beaches where garbage floats in the water. The ponds in the parks are clean (USA, New York).

✔️ Yes, drinking water comes from the same reservoirs (Canada).

✔️ You can drink from it. The highland, flowing from glaciers rivers are pure evian. (France, Haute Alps).

✔️ We have a very good water quality. Its possible to swim as well. From the quolity of the water you can swim in our country in all waters (Switzerland).
Is it possible to drink the water from the tap? Do you drink?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Yes, just boiling for old memory. There has been no scale in the kettle for many years (Australia).

✔️ You can drink water from the tap in Tbilisi !!! Very clean and tasty water. Just recently, an official report from the laboratory was published that tap water can be safely drunk! We children and adults drink both (Georgia).

✔️ This even surprised! Tap water is even better than bottle water. So yes, we can safely drink right from the tap. It's tasty! (Holland).

✔️ It is possible, tested, I drink myself and can give to a breastfed baby. It is cleaner than from the bottle (Czech Republic).

✔️ You can monitor the quolity of the water on a special state site. And they send a summary twice a year. I drink. But it is tough, a lot of calcium salts. I want to drink soft sometimes. Then I buy in a bottle (France).

✔️ Yes, the tap water is better than bottled water here (Sweden).

✔️ The water is very good and I drink it without further filtering. I notice many locals buy water to drink from the shops though (Ireland).

✔️ Yes, we can drink. But the majority of the people don't drink because of "kalk". On the other hand, we use the tap water for cooking (Japan).

✔️ Yes. I dont drink (Cyprus).

✔️ No water tap not for drink at all. I have to buy water in the big bottles (UAE).

✔️ Its possible, but not tasty. No, we don't. Although, if necessary, it happens (Israel).

✔️ You can drink water from the tap, but I don't trust it, because thare is no country where I have been, except Italy, where its possible to drink from the tap. And it tastes nasty for me. The husband not distinguish. Water by default is served from the tap, unless you ask for bottled water in restaurants and bars (USA, New York).

✔️ They say it is safe but I always boil or filter my water from tap (USA, New Jersey).

✔️ You can drink tap water mostly, but there are places probably where this is not recommended. The Madrid water quality is one of the best in Spain and I often drink from the tap (Spain).

98% of the Earth water is seas and oceans, but in order to make water suitable for drinking, it must be desalinated.
Do you use water aerator at home?

Aerator — nozzle on the tap for changing the diameter of the jet, which saves water consumption.
Do you use dishwasher at home?
Interesting answers:
✔️ We use it together with neighbors.

✔️ We use it once a week.

✔️ Most Japanese homes and apartments have a washing machine space. They are quite cheap and can be rented as well.

✔️ We have, but I still dont understand what the catch is. Well, it's very uncomfortable to use it. And it makes noise during few hours. I don't understand why people like it! Our friends, contrary, looked specifically for an apartment or house to buy with a dishwasher! I don't understand them at all! It takes a useful place only, it's a pity!

✔️ No, we haven't bought it yet, but we plan to.

✔️ Yes. But I wash the dishes after a family dinner for two persons more often with my hands.

✔️ Yes, according to tests carried out, the machine uses less water than hand washing (if full). And then hands dont deteriorate from washing with products.

✔️ Yes. It's more environmentally friendly than hand washing.

Normally, we need 50 liters to wash dishes with own hands and 12 litres only the dishwasher needs. Thus, the dishwasher saves water and energy, prevents the release of harmful substances from conventional detergents into the sewer.
Which washing powder do you use?

The most strongly and negatively affecting the environment components of washing powders are:
✘ phosphates
✘ surfactants
✘ bleaches
✘ genetically modified organisms
✘ flavors and fragrances
✘ chlorine.

Phosphates can be replaced with minerals: ✔️ sodium disilicate, ✔️ zeolite.

The detergent component is ✔️soda.

Laundry soap is environmentally friendly (sodium salts of fatty acids without the addition of dyes, preservatives, fragrances).
Do you need to save water? Why?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Yes, just a habit, in general there is enough water in protected reservoirs (Canada).

✔️ We need to save water because of drought threat and fires, especially in areas predisposed to this. I stumbled upon recently one of the new developments, There is a rainwater collection tank in the backyard of every house (Australia).

✔️ Yes, when we have water restrictions on during droughts, its is a requirement now that new homes be built with water tanks to save water usage and keep our dam supplies at a high level (Australia).

✔️ Yes, because not enough water and water is expensive. Waste of water is publicly condemned (Israel).

✔️ No. The city's reservoirs are full due to the heavy rains that have fallen and are still falling throughout the region (Brazil).

✔️ Yes, they save water! It upsets me, because I wash my head 2 times a week and can't just stand under the shower, I washed it and left. I used to brush my teeth with the water turned off. There are buttons in the walls that turn off the water after 10 seconds, and you need to press again, in the pool (Czech Republic).

✔️ Drinking water is necessary to save. Expensive. The cost of water preparation and disposal. We have public sewage treatment plants in the village. People of the commune contain it. But there is a canal system for irrigation. It can be used unlimitedly while there are glaciers at the mountains. And the filling of reservoirs in winter is good. When the temperature rises, local farmers experience great difficulties. The region is dry. 300 sunshine days a year (France, Upper Alps).

✔️ Yes, its EXPENSIVE (France, Marseille).

✔️ For drinking only (UAE, Abu Dabi).

✔️ Now we have enough, just sometime in the summer but sinc i remember, was it 4 or 5 times (Switzerland).

✔️ Yes. For reducing the consumpation of water. Japanese prefer bathtab to shower and we use lots of water.

✔️ No, we live in a country where there is water for free on the streets (Italy).

✔️ Yes, beacuse the world will soon become thirsty (Turkey).

✔️ I save rain water to use in my garden (Sweden).

✔️ I dont know, I always save (Cyprus).

✔️ Yes, because there is no water any more (India).

✔️ We save water based on general considerations about reasonable water consumption. Water is not very expensive there. We do not use anything to reduce consumption (USA, New York, Brooklyn).

✔️ Limited and expensive (USA, High Springs).

✔️ We always have running water so no need to save (USA, New Jersey).

✔️ Most houses now have water meters, so saving water saves money (England, Lewes).

✔️ No but like anything, I try to only use what I need, I don't like wasting water (particularly having travelled to countries where people don't have access to water, or at least clean, safe water). Very occasionally after a hot summer the water companies will ask people not to water their gardens etc but that hasn't happened in years (England, London).

One citizen needs from 180 to 250 liters of water per day.

Conserving natural resources = saving your personal budget = caring about the enviroment.
Do you use waste grinding filter at home?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Not. To drain valuable organic matter into the sewer? Everything to the compost! (France).
✔️ No, not all homes have it, but its one of the standard options (Canada).

Organic food waste takes up a third of the trash bin and gives off odors. Getting to the garbage dump, organic matter become the participant of decomposition process without oxygen and begin to release sulfur oxides, hydrogen sulfide, mercaptans, methane and other gases.

Disposer — a filter for crushing organic matter is installed under a sink. Allows to grind organic matter and send it to a more natural decomposition environment than garbage dumps if there is no compost.
Do you need to save electricity? Why?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Electricity is metered, so using less saves money (England, Lewes).

✔️ I don't need to but I do make an effort not to was electricity — basic things like turning lights off, not leaving things plugged in unnecessarily, buying appliances that are more energy efficient etc. I also monitor our usage to help keep our costs down and to see if there are spikes in things that we do (England, London).

✔️ Just because of the cost, generally. Especially gas. Electricity is relatively cheap. Many wind turbines. And people are still buying solar panels and selling the overage to the city (Holland).

✔️ Yes, it's expensive, but we don't save it in summer. We have solar panels on the roof (France, Upper Alps).

✔️ Yes, expensive (France, Marseille).

✔️ It is possible, but not necessary. There is a program for the development of renewable energy in several states, including Colorado. Solar panels are installed free of charge (USA, New Jersey).

✔️ We don't save much electricity, but we try, we don't waste it in vain. Its expensive (USA, New York).

✔️ This is necessary always and everywhere, I think, but more attention is paid to saving water in Australia. Solar energy (we have solar panels and a battery), windmills and hydroelectric power plants are widely used In Australia.

✔️ No need, but common sence to do so (Italy).

✔️ Yes, expensive (Cyprus).

✔️ Yes, its very expensive (Israel).

✔️ Yes, because in Turkey electrick is expensive.

✔️ We try, this is money (Czech Republic).

✔️ To save money and is goof for environment (Germany).

✔️ No, we don't have to but we try to anyway (Sweden).

✔️ No everything here is okay (UAE, Abu Dabi).

✔️ Yes. For reducing the consumption of energy (Japan).

✔️ Not beyond normal expectation and behaviour. I turn the lights off when not in the room and don't waste (Ireland).

✔️ Because I have to pay less then at the end of the monts (Switzerland).

The main resources used in power generation are non-renewable.

One hundred 75-watt lamp that work idle consume several kilograms of coal or oil per hour, simultaneously polluting the environment with harmful substances.

Conserving natural resources = saving your personal budget = caring about the enviroment.

Block 4. Social
What do the artists of your district to reflecte the problem of ecology?
Interesting answers:
✔️ Yes, there are installations dedicated to garbage in the sea

✔️ It seems so) But more in practice than in art. Look at the photo, this is a "worms house" Is that art or just a worms house? Most likely both. Such houses are located all over the city near parks. This particular one I took right now next to our park . Compost is pushed inside, worms are bred and this is how birds are attracted to the parks. Sometimes it seems to me even too many birds))) and they are not afraid of people.

✔️ We do have climate change protests, but they are not frequent.
Are you working in the office? Which things about ecology are practicing there?
✔️ We've done lots of things over the last 18 months even though we are a fairly small office of about 80 people.

— Most of our lights are motion detected (so turn off if there is no motion), energy saving devices are used on the pcs and photocopiers.
— We introduced a new printing restriction which massively reduced the amount of paper printed out.
— The toilets use reduced water flushing and the taps are linked to the lights – if the lights go out because no-one is in
there, then the taps stop working (ie, if someone leaves a tap running by mistake).
— We've removed everyone's bins by their desks and provided bigger waste and recycling bins around the office,
encouraging people to think about what they throw out.
— We work with schools and charities to support the local community…

I went to a local airfield last year where they have an area dedicated to provide flying experiences for disabled children, we washed a small plane, tidied up and helped them prepare for an event.

✔️ We have an aerator on the taps.

✔️ We have introduced recently a separate waste collection in the eatery. Plastic appliances, take-away glasses and wooden appliances are not used longer. There are no even paper cups anymore in the head office. There are reusable plastic cups. You come in the morning, take it and use it all day long. Then you hand it over or leave it on the table, and the cleaners will take it and wash, the same glasses will be available again in the morning.

✔️ Yes. There are separate bins for waste and recycling. There are solar panels on the roof. No waste goes to landfill.

✔️ I work in a bank, we avoiding paper documents as much as possible. The task of the bank is to completely transfer the business to digital format. I dont like how the waste separation is organized in our bank, I want to suggest starting to do recycling in our bank.

✔️ I work in a Nursing home. We have for the foodwaste a big tank and a truck takes it to make some energie.

✔️ I work in a University. We don't have a lot of ecological habits, but many people use their own bottles to avoid discarding glasses.

✔️ We all were given glass bottles, our plastic glasses are biodegradable and only for visitors. All offices ask to put different waste bins in order to recycle everything they can (coffee capsules, cartridges, paper) and not use plastic. Make efforts to maintain the environment.

✔️ We turn the lights and computers and printers off, use recycable paper, we are partner of "my climate".

✔️ We have separate collection everywhere — offices, museums, malls, theaters. Energy saving almost everything — a lot of everything on motion sensors.

✔️ We collect paper and use separate waste bins for plastic cups and paper cups. We use blowers for drying hands.

✔️ We separate waste, trying not to print on paper, use digital documents

✔️ Recycle cardboard and plastic.

✔️ We try to use less paper.

✔️ In my Office it is only the legal requirements, though I think we have a Collection Point for old batteries.
Which ecological problems are not resolved in your district, country?
✔️ Homeless. They leave a lot of trash on the streets and places of their being. Gas pollution, bacause of center (USA, Denver).

✔️ Rio de Janeiro, where I live, is a big city. It has all sort of ecological problems. We have isolated ecological actions. I would like it had adequate public policies to be implemented for ecological problems.

✔️ Right now the city of Rio de Janeiro is experiencing a serious problem in its water tank. It has been contaminated and the government is trying to resolve it.

Pollution in the Guanabara Bay that has not been resolved to date. There is a really serious and competent program for the clean-up of the Guanabara bay. I would like there to be planning for a sewage network with advanced technology so that the dirt is not thrown into the river channels and into the sea.

✔️ Fires are basic sanitary conditions (Australia).

✔️ Japan's recyle rate of the plastic seems high but we burn them in the incineration plants to generate the heat energy after distingush the wastes.

✔️ We have big problems in some areas in Italy. Some criminal organizations like mafia are involved in waste-questions.

✔️ Clean up the city (France, Marseille).

✔️ Georgians need to start with themselves and not throw garbage on the street for my shallow opinion in this topic. You go to picturesque places, and there are a lot of garbage around (I doubt that they will be able to switch to waste sorting in the near future, even if the correct bins would everywhere (Georgia).

✔️ Black money (India).

✔️ It possible to do more about online work with documents. Here they love "rendezvous", but they are moving in the right direction. There is a lot of bureaucracy. You should collect a hundred pieces of paper .. which you should carry to the place where you took it (France).

✔️ Many companies buy biodegradable disposable tableware (disposable tableware is generally very common here everywhere) (Israel).

✔️ The issue with separate waste is not well resolved, there are no available containers for glass and cardboard nearby. Suggest to ban plastic bags, to fine for throwing garbage on the streets (Cyprus).

✔️ Too much difference between North and South Italy. South need to develop an ecological culture, not yet widespread enough even in younger generations .

✔️ I think we should use more solar power on top of our roofs and grown plants on top of new and existing buildings for fresh air (USA).

✔️ So many not solved! Climate changes, Ocean acidification, plastics in oceans etc.. Half of UK electricity is now renewable, but that needs to be better. Litter on the streets is bad. Some other countries are much better.
We are concerned that because our government has taken us out of the EU they will lower standards. The EU has been responsible for raising standards a lot (England, Lewes).

✔️ Not enough things can be recycled (regional bit also a national/global issue); too much littering, too much pollution in the oceans; too much single use plastic still in our shops. Public transport could be improved and be cheaper (I would have to get a bus and then 2 trains if I didn't want to drive to work) (England, London).

✔️ There is no serious efford to fight Climate Change in my Country, it is mostly just symbolic politics, but they don't really emake any laws that might hurt Industry and thus they are weak (Germany).

✔️ There is still lot of plastic in the use, I would greet the total ban of it (plastic bags, plastic straws) and limit it just to the things that ppl cannot live without. There is still a lot to be done with the packaging of the products in the shops! People should take more attention to the quality (like good clothes), some things should be more expensive but not everybody has to have everything. I think we are destoying our planet, Wildlife and so on. The is much more to be done, mostly by the big producer, and we - single people could adjust promptly (Germany, Berlin).


✔️ The size of street trash bins! Well, what for making it so small?! The buzz solution here is the local underground garbage cans. There are some complaints about usability, but it's cool generally! It does not stink, there are no rats and homeless people (however, its illegal to be homeless here). I wish they would made such doors so that you don't have to open and close bins with your hands! A pedal would be ideal. There are even good examples of such trash cans in the tourist center of Amsterdam! (Holland).

✔️ The amount of waste material is outrageous. Also, the lack of personal responsibility is terrible as many people don't put their waste in the bins on the street. People need to be more conscious of what they do and be responsible. Often people are taking action to be perceived well instead of actually being beneficial. I'd like to see this change (Ireland).

✔️ Too much littering and car traffic (Sweden).

✔️ Waste recycling and waste reduction problem, waste disposal problem, unconscious consumption and over-purchasing problem (Australia).

✔️ I like everything here (Czech Republic).
Which solutions would you like to share with other people as good and interesting experience?
✔️ Yes, well done France — a good balance of personal freedoms and results, I think. Take it and copy. And there is an ambitious plan of transition to the closed economic cycle: https: // -...

✔️ I can mention only the huge mesh cages all over the streets, which are for plastic bottles. They are very noticeable, everyone actively uses it and they take away several cubic meters of bottles every few days (Israel).

✔️ People are brought up to have their own opinion in Netherlands. The rules of cities and even districts are very differ. Any new ideas are accepted here and often implemented! By 2025, Amsterdam will be closed as much as possible from non-electric cars, for example. And more interesting example with their northern city, Groningen - they are going to make the first non-smoking city in Europe, it would be completely banned from smoking in public places soon, including streets. I dont know the details .. but Im impressed and happy! ))

There is also an interesting feature with medications - they give out exactly the same amount that the doctor prescribed, not a pill more! And all expired unnecessary medicines can be taken back to the pharmacy. So they fight against medicinal contamination of reservoirs. And antibiotics are almost never prescribed. It has long been realized that it only hurts everyone if you drink without a serious reason — this is also in the piggy bank of the purity of reservoirs.

And dont forget about the unique eco-feature of the country — bicycles.

✔️ There is a lot happening the Netherlands wants to be energy neutral in 2030 Urgenda is a very determined and important organizationto get that realised (Holland, Breda).

✔️ Not sure, although the local council have just announced plans to support climate change and the government are banning the sale of diesel and petrol cars from 2035 (Англия).

✔️ There's a mix of renewable electricity in the UK, but offshore wind is the biggest contributor. We have onshore wind too, but offshore is preferred because too many people don't like the way the windmills look on land.

There's also some hydro electricity and some solar, and there are experiments with tidal but I'm not sure any are actually being used for real.

We have nuclear but it's mostly old and coming to the end of its life. There are plans to build new nuclear stations but they're very expensive and it may never happen.

✔️ That there is really a serious and competent program for the clean-up of the Guanabara bay. I would like there to be planning for a sewage network with advanced technology so that the dirt is not thrown into the river channels and into the sea (Brazil).

✔️ I like that plastic bags have been banned by law (Georgia).

✔️ I really like that waste separation is mandatory in America. I don't know if it's the same in all states or not, and is it observed everywhere or not, but we lived in two districts and it was strict. People can be taught only by fines probably (USA).

✔️ Desalination of sea water (Cyprus).

✔️ We do blogging, beach cleaning and we try to avoid using the car.

✔️ Solar energy (we have solar panels and a battery), windmills and hydroelectric power plants are widely used in Australia.

✔️ We are making big strides in making Australia a better country when it comes to recycling and reusable products, discarding plastic wrap on packaging on products such as fruit and veg in supermarkets should be taken on board across the country and will eliminate the amount of unreasonable plastic waste used .

✔️ Children are actively taught of waste separation, gardening in australian kindergartens and schools. All materials are used in children art and they make crafts from plastic lids and so on.

✔️ When you buy electricity for your home or business you have the option of paying for "green" electricity. I do that. Obviously you can't guarantee that's what you get, but it guarantees the company you buy from puts at least as much renewable power into the network as it's "green" customers take out, so it encourages investment in renewable energy generation (England, Lewes).

✔️ Just to challenge people to think about how they can help, no matter how small, it all helps. And companies to do more but I think profits still come overwhelmingly first. It is changing but too slowly.
What do you think personal about all of this and what would you like to do? to share?
✔️ People and their habits must change first.

✔️ I personally find the topic important and right, but one should not exaggerate. I contribute to the environment in a way that I personally can easily reconcile with my everyday life. For example, separating waste is a matter of course for me.

✔️ I think it's important we are all given correct information & advice as to what we as individual s can do to support climate change and help the ecology. Recycling could be made easier, and we need to reduce waste. Shops and suppliers also have a responsibility to source products ethically and reduce the amount of plastic produced.

✔️ I've noticed I've become quite separate from the issues and that the area I live in has brought me down emotionally. I think I should move to an area where I can be with more like minded people.

✔️ I think that we need to study this issue in detail and deeply, find like-minded people, reduce waste generation, and pass on the knowledge gained to the future generation.

✔️ I "vote" for separate waste collection, compost and so on.

✔️ The Russians have not understood yet that nature is an ending resource. The territory is too large for a small number of people. The illusion of the infinity of everything is created. And propaganda is aimed at consumption and denial of the inevitable. Here, in Europe, they understood earlier. It would be better for ours to learn and adopt experience.

✔️ I hope that in the future all countries will reach the same level approching the problem. Is a global problem, not a local and only a global approach can change something.

✔️ All we can do some small thing, i.e. use less water, electricity, petrol and help this way nature. Also correct waste recycling is crucial.

✔️ I think we need to have more collective pressure movements on the government to demand consistent and permanent changes. Personally, I increasingly get involved with groups that work with ecology, I prefer ecological products and I value the concern with the environment.

✔️ My profession is in packaging and I entered it because I saw so much trash in the world. By utilizing less materials and still protect the product, it helps a lot. Also I try to follow the Circular Economy strategy where there is zero waste and is being reused in different aspects.

✔️ I think that separate waste collection and recycling is a very important topic, but, unfortunately, as far as I know, it is economically unprofitable. Therefore, it is necessary to do this at the government level. People will follow all the rules only if it's comfortable, that is, there are pick-up / drop-off points within walking distance. And, in general, we are making steps in this direction, although more slowly than I would like to.

✔️ I really like that waste separation is mandatory in America. But I find it difficult to push ideas about using environmentally friendly versions of household chemicals to my husband, he loves certain brands and their quality. Something turns out. For example, I got rid of chemical air fresheners in the house, I buy natural deodorants that contain water and essential oils. I dont strive to live 100% environmentally, I do what I can but try not to forgive about my comfort too.

✔️ The government's performance depends on the country's culture, in the case of Brazil financial incentives are important. This can reinforce positive ecological behavior.

✔️ I think all the above probably tells you that I think this is really important!! People and businesses can definitely make a big difference but governments have to take more of a lead I think. And there is just not enough leadership on this globally – see the recent climate change talks that agreed virtually nothing but vague statements and commitments about action in the future. The US pulling out of the Paris agreement doesn't help. What is encouraging is that there is a lot of education on this now, particularly in schools, which means people are growing up thinking about their impact on the environment (it was never even mentioned when I grew up). That will change things over time, it just might not come soon enough.

✔️ I think it's always good to keep your eyes open about environmental problems in the world. I always try to do my part responsibly. About sharing, I would help as much as possible within my possibilities.

✔️ I think we need to have more regualtion by the state, especially forcing indusrty to make better products and practices .


✔️ There is still lot of plastic in the use, I would greet the total ban of it (plastic bags, plastic straws) and limit it just to the things that people cannot live without. There is still a lot to be done with the packaging of the products in the shops! People should take more attention to the quality (like good clothes), some things should be more expensive but not everybody has to have everything. I think we are destoying our planet, Wildlife and so on. The is much more to be done, mostly by the big producer, and we — single people could adjust promptly.

✔️ I think it is important to recycle all the things you can even it takes a little more room at home and a little more time.

✔️ I do what i canto live ecofriendly i wish the world will be a safe place for all living beings.

✔️ I would like if there are better solutions for travelling and better ways to charge electrics cars. Better use of isolation our homes, less pollution from city lights and office lights, better technology to save energy and industries need to sell better and longer lasting products.

✔️ I think it is all our common responsibility to take small steps, then big changes on the planet will not be long in coming. If we make these habits a part of our daily life, then we will not need to think about it on purpose, it will become part of normal behavior.

✔️ I have no serious thoughts on this, except that we all need to know more about what is happening around us.

✔️ I do the efforts to distingish the wastes. I should use the used items to reduce the waste.

✔️ Moving forward id like to see less plastic and more reusable products across the shelves in our shops supermarkets.

✔️ Not sure but I feel like every thing going to wrong direction. I don't think if someone really care everything here is comical I don't believe the city or government here.

✔️ We def. should do more for environment!

✔️ I try to inspire other people to take care about their neighborhood.

✔️ Well, as they say, it all depends on people's awareness))

✔️ I think this is better way to leave the life if we follow like this way we can not only save the things also we can help whole country whole wold not need to waste food!! Need to use garbage bag less plastic less electricity

✔️ In order for everything to return to a more orderly life, societies need to change their usage habits.
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